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Causes of An Achilles Tendon Injury

Monday, 22 October 2018 00:00

The Achilles tendon is located in the back of the calf on your leg. It is considered to be the largest tendon in the body, and its purpose is to connect the heel bone to the calf muscles. If this tendon becomes injured, severe pain and discomfort is typically experienced. If this should occur, common activities such as walking, running, and jumping may be extremely difficult to perform. The pain associated with these activities is often characterized by a sharp pain in the back of the ankle. There may be several reasons for this injury to occur, which may include suddenly pushing off the feet during any type of jumping activity, overstretching the tendon while instinctively protecting the body during a fall, or from unexpectedly stepping off a curb. If you feel you have incurred an Achilles tendon injury, it’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible to discuss proper treatment techniques.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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