If you need a more accessible version of this website, click this button on the right. Switch to Accessible Site
Our office is moving soon to: 1055 Baltimore Street, Hanover, PA 17331

Jim Maxka, DPM

Hanover (717) 524-1034


Tuesday, 06 December 2022 00:00

Bunions are a common foot deformity. They are easy to notice by the large, bony protrusion that forms on the side of the big toe. An additional complication that can happen from a bunion can include calluses that form as a result of the bunion hitting the side or top of the shoe. Large bunions may cause the other toes to shift toward each other, and bigger shoes may have to be purchased. Bunions are caused by genetic reasons, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Bunions can be unsightly, and there are prevention methods that can reduce the risk of getting a bunion. These can include wearing shoes that fit correctly and minimizing stress that is put on the feet. If you have a bunion, a podiatrist can offer you effective treatment methods, and it is strongly suggested that you confer with this type of doctor who can help you to manage this condition.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Bunions
Tuesday, 29 November 2022 00:00

During a woman’s pregnancy, she might experience several different important changes to her feet. For example, the increased weight gained from bearing a growing child can put extra strain on the feet, sometimes causing foot pain. There are several steps that a pregnant woman could consider taking to mitigate her increased foot pain. First, a pregnant woman might drink a good deal of water. Doing this will help reduce the amount of salt in the body, consequently minimizing inflammation in the feet. Also, a pregnant woman could apply ice to the feet if the ankles become exceedingly swollen. Applying ice in short increments to the feet can help bring down the swelling. Lastly, a pregnant woman can make an appointment with a podiatrist to help treat any pain in the feet that she is experiencing. To learn more about mitigating foot pain during pregnancy, make an appointment with a podiatrist today.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. Jim Maxka from South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Pregnancy and Foot Health
Tuesday, 22 November 2022 00:00

Cracked heels are unsightly and can become painful. This foot condition can develop for a variety of reasons and may bring embarrassment to the affected patient. The causes can include wearing shoes with an open back, standing on hard surfaces for most of the day, and a lack of moisture. Additionally, research has indicated that cracked heels may develop from specific vitamin or mineral deficiencies as well as aging skin. There may also be medical conditions that lead to cracked heels, which consist of obesity, thyroid disorders, eczema, and psoriasis. Many patients find relief when their feet are soaked in warm water, followed by applying a good moisturizer. Choosing shoes that have a closed back may help to prevent cracked heels in addition to wearing shoes that generally fit well. Patients who have dry heels or show signs of fissures, also known as deep cracks, are urged to speak with a podiatrist who can prescribe medication to treat this ailment.

If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Jim Maxka from South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • Invest in a good foot cream
  • Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • Ease up on Soaps
  • Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • Moisturize After Showering
  • Skip a Shower
  • Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
Wednesday, 16 November 2022 00:00

Kohler disease is a rare bone disorder that causes a child’s foot to hurt and swell. This disease usually impacts children between the ages of 3 to 7. Boys are much more likely to be afflicted with Kohler disease than girls. The flow of blood to the navicular bone in the foot is interrupted and there is a progressive degeneration of the bone. Some experts believe it may be related to an injury near the navicular bone and delayed bone formation leading to structural weakness. It can be caused by genetic factors, or it may develop from stress-related compression during a child’s growth period. A child will often limp or walk on the side of their foot because it might hurt them to put weight on it. There may be tenderness along the length of the arch and the affected area may redden. Those with this disorder most often outgrow it and the affected bone regains size, density, and structure. It often resolves itself within three months to two years. Since other disorders can have symptoms similar to those of Kohler disease, treatment can be helpful. If your child is complaining of foot pain or you notice a gait change, contact a podiatrist who can diagnose the problem and offer remedies.

Some foot conditions may require additional professional care. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Rare Foot Conditions

The majority of foot conditions are common and can be treated by a podiatrist.  Standard diagnostic procedures are generally used to identify specific conditions and treatment can be rendered. A podiatrist also treats rare foot conditions which can be difficult to diagnose and may need extra attention and care. 

There are many rare foot conditions that can affect children. Some of these can include:

  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Kohler’s disease
  • Maffucci syndrome

Freiberg’s disease - This can be seen as a deterioration and flattening of a metatarsal bone that exists in the ball of the foot. It typically affects pre-teen and teenage girls, but can affect anyone at any age. Symptoms that can accompany this can be swelling, stiffness, and the patient may limp. 

Kohler’s disease - This often targets the bone in the arch of the foot and affects younger boys. It can lead to an interruption of the blood supply which ultimately can lead to bone deterioration. The patient may limp or experience tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Maffucci syndrome - This affects the long bones in a child’s foot leading to the development of abnormal bone lesions. They are benign growths and typically develop in early childhood and the bones may be susceptible to breaking. 

A podiatrist can properly diagnose and treat all types of rare foot conditions. If your child is affected by any of these symptoms or conditions, please don’t hesitate to call our office so the correct treatment method can begin.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.
 

Read more about Rare Foot Conditions
Connect with us