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Please contact our office to schedule an appointment or for more information. To keep you and your loved ones safe, know that we have taken all recommended state and medical association precautions.

Hanover (717) 524-1034


June 2020

Monday, 29 June 2020 00:00

Possible Causes of Bunions

A bump that extends on the side of the big toe may indicate a bunion. It is considered to be a deformity, and a common cause can be from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, genetics can play a significant role in developing a bunion. Mild relief may be found when larger shoes are purchased, and it may help to wear a protective covering over the top of the bunion. In severe cases, orthotics can be prescribed, and therapy techniques may be suggested. If you notice a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe, it may be a bunion, and it is strongly suggested that you seek treatment from a podiatrist.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Wednesday, 24 June 2020 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Monday, 22 June 2020 00:00

How Did I Get a Hammertoe?

Hammertoes, as its name suggests, are toes that bend in a downward fashion, resembling a hammer. This condition is considered to be a deformity of the toe joints. The second, third, and fourth toes are more likely to be affected, causing them to take an abnormal shape. Toes affected by this condition will often have trouble straightening, and will need professional help to treat the hammertoe. Overuse, or damage to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons of the foot and toes may cause a hammertoe to develop. Other risk factors may include arthritis, trauma, and ill-fitting footwear. In severe cases, a hammertoe may require surgery to be permanently fixed. For a proper diagnosis and advised treatment plan, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 15 June 2020 00:00

Gout Can Cause Walking To Be Painful

There are many patients who experience the painful condition that is known as gout. It is a form of arthritis, and in severe cases, this ailment can cause the inability to walk. It develops as a result of elevated uric acid levels in the blood, and can occur because of genetic factors. Additionally, eating specific foods can contribute to developing gout. These can consist of shellfish, red meat, and drinks that have a high sugar content. The symptoms that are experienced with gout include redness and swelling in the joints of the big toe, and the pain may be noticed more often in the morning. If you have gout, it is advised that you are under the care of a podiatrist, who can recommend correct treatment options.

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Jim Maxka from South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 08 June 2020 00:00

How Fungal Toenail Infections Occur

Fungal nail infections can occur in both the toenails and fingernails, and the infection causes the nails to become discolored, thickened, and brittle. Fungal nail infections are caused when various fungi, including mold and yeast, that live in moist environments enter the nails through small cracks. Fungal nail infections and skin infections, such as athlete’s foot, often occur together. Fungal nail treatment and antibiotics are likely needed in order for the infection to be properly treated. If you are experiencing a fungal nail infection, it is important that you visit a podiatrist.

For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 08 June 2020 00:00

How to Know If Your Foot Is Broken

The severity of a broken foot can range from a small fracture to throbbing in the affected foot. If a broken foot is not detected in time, issues such as arthritis, infection, or damage to the nerves and blood vessels may arise. Therefore, if you are experiencing symptoms such as bruising, swelling, numbness, or a foot deformity, such as a broken bone sticking out of the skin, it is important to consult with a podiatrist immediately. During the visit, your podiatrist can check for fractures with various tests that may include x-rays, bone scans, MRIs, and CT scans. After reviewing the results, your podiatrist can then recommend the proper treatment which may include a cast, surgery, and rest.  

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Jim Maxka from South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury. 

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue in color
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 01 June 2020 00:00

Common Symptoms of Athlete's Foot

Athlete’s foot is a contagious fungal skin infection. This fungal infection typically thrives in moist, warm environments. Not wearing the proper footwear in locations such as gyms, locker rooms, public swimming pools, and communal showers may increase your risk of getting this fungal infection. There are certain symptoms that are commonly associated with this condition. These may include itchy blisters on the feet, dry skin on the soles or sides of the feet, a stinging or burning sensation between the toes, and cracking or peeling of the skin between the toes. Some patients have found antifungal powder to be helpful in trying to relieve these symptoms. For a proper diagnosis and advised plan of treatment, it’s suggested that you consult with a podiatrist.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Dr. Jim Maxka from South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.

What Is Athlete’s Foot?

Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.

Prevention

The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:

  • Thoroughly washing and drying feet
  • Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
  • Using shower shoes in public showers
  • Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
  • Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot

Symptoms

Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Scaly and peeling skin

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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