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The tendon that connects the heel bone to the calf muscles is referred to as the Achilles tendon. This tendon is responsible for helping the feet push off the ground while walking, running, or jumping. It may become torn as a result of an injury that has happened to it. Many things can cause this to occur, including running uphill, participating in sporting activities that involve sharp turns, or possibly from falling. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this type of injury may include feeling pain and discomfort in the back of your ankle, having difficulty while standing on your tiptoes, or your leg may appear swollen. Mild relief may be found when the affected leg is elevated, and this may be helpful in reducing the swelling. If you have torn your Achilles tendon, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer proper treatment options.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries

If you notice a bump on the side of your pinky toe, you may have developed a corn. It may come from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly and may rub against that part of the foot. Additionally, corns may appear on other areas of the foot, including the sole.  A soft corn may develop in between the toes, and this may be a result of the toes constantly rubbing together. Some patients may feel corns beginning to form if they stand or walk for extended periods of time. Preventing corns may be easily achieved, and this may be accomplished by wearing shoes that fit correctly. An important consideration is to make sure there is adequate room for the toes to move about in. If you have a corn, it is suggested to speak to a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

If you have any concerns regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? and How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:

  • Well-fitting socks
  • Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
  • Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treatment of corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Consult with Our doctor to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Understanding Corns and Calluses

Research has indicated the majority of babies are born with flat feet. This may be a result of underdeveloped bones, muscles and ligaments that exist in many babies. The foot generally becomes stronger as the child begins to walk, and the arch may begin to develop. It may be beneficial for the child to walk barefoot indoors as often as possible. This may help to promote balance, coordination and posture. When the child walks outdoors, it is important to choose shoes that fit correctly. This can be accomplished by measuring the child’s feet frequently, which can determine the correct size. A shoe that fits properly will be comfortable, and will have adequate room for the toes to move freely.  Additionally, the sole should be flat and made of a flexible material so the foot can easily bend. If you would like additional information about how to choose shoes for your child, please speak to a podiatrist who can properly assist you.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 04 March 2019 00:00

Possible Causes of Morton’s Neuroma

The pain and discomfort that is typically associated with Morton’s neuroma is located on the ball of the foot. Many patients may notice swelling and feel a burning sensation in that area of the foot, and it may affect the way you walk. It generally occurs as a result of a thickened nerve that leads to the toes. This may happen from wearing shoes that are too tight and may cause the affected nerve to become irritated. There may be other causes of Morton’s neuroma, and these may include having flat feet, or medical conditions such as hammer toes or bunions. It is important to have a proper diagnosis performed. This can be accomplished by having an X-ray taken, which may be helpful in eliminating other conditions that may exist. If you feel you have this condition, it is advised to consult with a podiatrist who can suggest wearing insoles or recommend foot strengthening exercises.

Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Dr. Jim Maxka of South Penn Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and answer any of your related questions.  

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.

What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?

  • Ill-fitting high heels or shoes that add pressure to the toe or foot
  • Jogging, running or any sport that involves constant impact to the foot
  • Flat feet, bunions, and any other foot deformities

Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Hanover, PA. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Morton's Neuroma
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